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Religion is a belief concerning the supernatural, sacred, or divine, and the moral codes, practices, values, and institutions associated with such belief, although some scholars, such as Durkheim, would argue that the supernatural and the divine are not aspects of all religions.The relationship between religion and myth depends on what definition of "myth" one uses.They are terrified by a word which may even have a slight suggestion of fantasy.However, my usage is the one that is common among historians of religion, literary critics, and social scientists.Further, in academic writing, though "myth" usually means a fundamental worldview story, even there it is occasionally ambiguous or clearly denotes "falsehood", as in the "Christ myth theory". Tolkien's love of myths and devout Catholic faith came together in his assertion that mythology is the divine echo of "the Truth".The original term "mythos" (which has no pejorative connotation in English) may be a better word to distinguish the positive definition from the negative. Tolkien's opinion was adopted by another Christian writer, C. Lewis, in their conversations: "Tolkien explained to Lewis that the story of Christ was the true myth at the very heart of history and at the very root of reality." C. Lewis freely called the Christ story a "true myth", and he believed that even pagan myths express spiritual truths.Generally, mythology is considered one component or aspect of religion.Religion is the broader term: besides mythological aspects, it includes aspects of ritual, morality, theology, and mystical experience.
Given any of the above definitions of "myth", the myths of many religions, both ancient and modern, share common elements.
Though there are similarities among most religious mythologies, there are also contrasts.
Many mythologies focus on explanations of the universe, natural phenomena, or other themes of human existence, often ascribing agency to one or more deities or other supernatural forces.
Most religions contain a body of traditional sacred stories that are believed to express profound truth.
Some religious organizations and practitioners believe that some or all of their traditional stories are not only sacred and "true" but also historically accurate and divinely revealed and that calling such stories "myths" disrespects their special status.
By the time of Christ, the Greco-Roman world had started to use the term "myth" (Greek muthos) to mean "fable, fiction, lie"; as a result, the early Christian theologians used "myth" in this sense.